Desired standards of service: Public parks, pedestrian and bicycle facilities

Desired standard of service for a network of development infrastructure, means the standard of performance stated in the priority infrastructure plan (refer to schedule 3 of the SPA 2009). (1)

The Department of Infrastructure and Planning (DIP) details requirements for desired standards of service for infrastructure in available in “Priority infrastructure planning – Standard infrastructure charges schedule” November 2008. This document does not apply to slow growing or medium growth councils.

On parks and land for community facilities, the DIP states:

Parks and Land for Community Purposes

The chargeable rate of provision for land for public parks and community purposes is limited to a maximum of 4.8 hectares per 1000 people, unless justified to the Queensland Competition Authority and Department of Infrastructure and Planning and approved by the department. No land acquired prior to 1 January 1990 may be included within the establishment cost of any network.(1)

The DIP’s recommendations for inclusions in the infrastructure charges for councils for public parks, community infrastructure and transport facilities (of which public transport, footpaths and bicycle facilities are included) are in the table following.

Considerations for desired standards of service, which will vary depending on the type and hierarchy of public park or walk and cycle facility provided, include:

Public parks – Access

  • within 200m of a collector road or higher
  • within 400m of a rail station or bus stop serviced by regular public transport
  • on or within 100m of a bicycle network
  • local parks to be within a 5 minute walk of all residences
  • two sides and at least 50% of perimeter length of park has direct frontage to a public road

Public parks – Ancillary features

  • drinking fountains (disabled compliant)
  • car parks
  • direction, identity and interpretive signage
  • lighting
  • trees for shade and amenity
  • picnic tables and seats
  • bicycle racks

Walking and bicycle facilities

  • requires a completed cycle network plan with hierarchy of routes, prioritised routes, designated timing, cost of construction and current value of each link in the network
  • include the cost of ancillary facilities and end of trip facilities

Walking and bicycle facilities – Minimum widths

  • on road designated cycle lanes – 1.5m
  • footpaths – 1.5m on every street
  • shared paths – 2.5m

Walking and bicycle facilities – Support features

  • bicycle parking
  • shade trees
  • crossing facilities such as refuges, traffic signals, zebra crossings
  • bridges and culverts
  • lighting
  • regulatory, directional and information signage
  • linemarking
  • seating
  • drink fountains

Extracted from Table 1: Standard inclusions and exclusions for trunk infrastructure charges, Priority infrastructure planning – Standard infrastructure charges schedule November 2008

Network Inclusions Exclusions
  • collector and higher order roads predominately serving a network function
  • road crossings (bridges and culverts) on collector roads or higher order roads
  • standard items associated with the road profile including kerb and channel, lighting, signage, intersections, roundabouts, traffic lights, on-road cycle lanes, foot and cycle paths on the shoulder, basic verge revegetation including shade trees, turfing and local drainage
  • non-trunk infrastructure internal to a development or to connect to trunk infrastructure and provided by developer
  • access places, access streets
  • streetscaping
  • local area traffic management on access places and streets (internal infrastructure)
State-controlled roads
  • the local function of state-controlled roads
  • the state function of the state-controlled road network
  • land for the existing state-controlled road network
Public transport
  • dedicated public transport corridors and associated infrastructure
  • ferry terminals
  • bus stops, signs and shelters
footpaths and cycleways
  • standard items associated with the construction of these including culverts and bridges, lighting, directional and information signage, surface marking
  • non-trunk infrastructure internal to a development or to connect to trunk infrastructure and provided by developer
Land for community purposes
Land for community purposes
  • land only for community facilities which allow public access, not restricted by membership, for purposes such as youth centres, senior citizens centre/ meeting halls, council chambers, neighbourhood centres, meeting halls libraries, performing arts centres, museums, art galleries, community centres, swimming pools
  • works associated with the clearing of land and connection to services
  • any land for facilities not controlled by a local government
  • any land for facilities that has a predominant commercial activity, for example a kiosk
  • all land gifted to council
  • state forestry areas
  • national park areas
  • works and associated site works to make the land suitable for building purposes
Public parks infrastructure – Land and embellishments
  • parks for formal and informal recreation and sporting purposes
  • park embellishments including:
  • public amenities
  • shade structures
  • playgrounds, soft fall, safety fencing
  • bollards
  • dog off-leash areas
  • retaining walls
  • access roads and on-site car parks
  • footpaths and cycleways
  • lighting
  • drink bubblers and taps
  • picnic tables
  • beach showers
  • linemarking
  • turf and irrigation (of sporting fields)
  • barbeques
  • skate bowl
  • boat ramps and fishing platforms – built by council and open to the public
  • sporting facilities – goal posts, soccer nets, netball posts, half-courts, basic spectator seating
  • bike racks
  • signage
  • provision of services (eg. water, power)
  • land contributed in lieu of payment of infrastructure charges
  • all land gifted to council
  • state forestry areas
  • national parks
  • bushland and environmental areas (areas of these for primary park purposes can be included)
  • caravan parks/ /camping areas
  • Parklandthat is dedicated as road
  • club houses and other buildings
  • kiosk
  • areas where general entry is limited
  • sport facilities not open to the public
  • reefs (artificial or natural)
  • beach protection areas and jetties
  • inshore rocks for fishing/ diving
  • public artwork
  • swimming pools
  • groynes
  • life-saving tower

Other sources of information

  • Priority Infrastructure Plan Guidelines (see here): guidelines on preparing priority infrastructure plans and infrastructure charges schedules including:
    • Infrastructure Guideline 1/04 – Priority Infrastructure Plans
    • ­Priority infrastructure planning – Standard infrastructure charges schedule


  1. Department of Local Government, Planning, Sport & Recreation 2004, IPA Infrastructure Guideline 1/04: Priority Infrastructure Plans, [Online] Available at: